Náměstí Míru 820/9: Národní dům (National House)
Although the Czech nation would not exist as an independent entity until 1918, the monumental architecture of this period reflected the strong desire of nationhood. In the pediment appears the bust of František Palacký, by the sculptor Antonín Popp. Palacký was a prominent political thinker and politician who urged the case for Czech autonomy within the Austrian empire, and later for an entirely independent Czech state.
During the communist era the National House was re-styled – unsurprisingly perhaps – as the ‘Cultural Centre for Railway Workers’. Since the Velvet Revolution of 1989 it has been known once more by its original name.